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Gaelic Football is an Irish team sport. It is a form of football derived from traditional Irish ball games. It is played between two teams of 15 players on a rectangular grass pitch. The objective of the sport is to score points by passing the ball through the other team's goals (3 points) or a set of two upright posts separated by a crossbar 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) above the ground (1 point). Gaelic Football is played on a pitch up to 145m long and 90m wide.
The goalposts are the same shape as on a rugby pitch, with the crossbar lower than a rugby one and slightly higher than a soccer one.
The ball used in Gaelic Football is round, slightly smaller than a soccer ball. It can be carried in the hand for a distance of four steps and can be kicked or "hand-passed", a striking motion with the hand or fist. After every four steps the ball must be either bounced or "solo-ed", an action of dropping the ball onto the foot and kicking it back into the hand. You may not bounce the ball twice in a row.
To score, you put the ball over the crossbar by foot or hand / fist for 1 point or under the crossbar and into the net by foot or the hand / fist in certain circumstances for a goal (3 points), the latter being the equivalent of three points.
Each team consists of 15 players. Officials for a game comprise of a referee, two linesmen and four umpires (to signal scores). In European competition teams are made up of 11 players due to the smaller field size.
Timing: there are 2 half's of 35 minutes with a 10 minute break. In European competition, because of a day long tournament style league in which you could play 5-8 games during the course of the day. Match's are 15 minutes per half with 5 minute break.
Tournament competition: With Europe County comprising all of continental Europe with great distances between each team, the County Board adopted a system of rounds in the form of tournaments so that every team has the same chance to win the championship. Every year six to eight rounds are played to determine the new champion. A tournament is completed on a single day with pool stages or in a round-robin format leading to a final. Semi-finals and ranking matches can be played if needed to determine a ranking of every team present on the day. Each team gains a number of points depending on its ranking at each tournament (25 points for the winner, 20 points for the runner-up, etc.). After each tournament points gained are added to determine the championship winner at the end of the season.
Past european winners:
2010 Den Haag
2009 Den Haag
2008 Brussels Belgium
2007 GSC Luxembourg
2006 Den Haag
2005 Paris Gaels
2004 Munich Colmcilles
2003 Paris Gaels
2002 Den Haag
2001 Paris Gaels